Clementina Maude, Viscountess Hawarden, née Clementina Elphinstone Fleeming (1822–1865) commonly known as Lady Clementina Hawarden, was a noted English amateur portrait photographer of the Victorian Era.
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As a devoted mother, her life revolved around her eight children. She took up photography in 1857; using her daughters as models, she created a body of work remarkable for its technical brilliance and its original depiction of nascent womanhood.
Lady Hawarden showed her work in the 1863 and 1864 exhibitions of the Photographic Society. With the exception of a few rare examples, her photographs remained in the possession of her family until 1939, when the more than eight hundred images were donated to the Victoria and Albert Museum. Only recently have they been the objects of research, publication, and exhibition.