Finland is a Nordic country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east. The capital and largest city is Helsinki. Other major cities are Espoo, Vantaa, Tampere, Oulu and Turku.
Finland is the eighth-largest country in Europe and the most sparsely populated country in the European Union. It is a parliamentary republic of 311 municipalities, and one autonomous region, the Åland Islands.
In 1906, Finland became the first European state to grant all adult citizens the right to vote, and the first in the world to give all adult citizens the right to run for public office. Following the 1917 Russian Revolution, Finland declared itself independent, joined the United Nations in 1955. The country was a relative latecomer to industrialization, remaining a largely agrarian country until the 1950s.
After World War II, Finland rapidly developed an advanced economy while building an extensive welfare state based on the Nordic model, resulting in widespread prosperity and one of the highest per capita incomes in the world.
Finland is a top performer in numerous metrics of national performance, including education, economic competitiveness, civil liberties, quality of life, and human development, and considered one of the world’s happiest countries.
These amazing photos were colorized by Frank that captured everyday life of Finland from between the 1900s and 1930s.
|Picnic in the Helsinki archipelago, circa 1900|
|A woman and a cow in Finland in 1910|
|A young woman and a cat photographed by the Finland-Swedish poet Edith Södergran, circa 1910s|
|An idyllic summer day in the Åland archipelago, 1910|
|Danish pilot on the lookout for am approaching ship on the Danish island of Nyord in 1910|