Rock and roll (often written as rock ’n roll) is a genre of popular music that originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950s from musical styles such as gospel, jump blues, jazz, boogie woogie, rhythm and blues, and country music.
Rock ’n roll and R&R concert posters in the 1950s and 1960s
While elements of what was to become rock and roll can be heard in blues records from the 1920s and in country records of the 1930s, the genre did not acquire its name until 1954.
The term “rhythm and blues” (abbreviated as R&B) has undergone a number of shifts in meaning. In the early 1950s, it was frequently applied to blues records. Starting in the mid-1950s, after this style of music contributed to the development of rock and roll, the term “R&B” became used to refer to music styles that developed from and incorporated electric blues, as well as gospel and soul music.
In the 1960s, several British rock bands such as the Rolling Stones, the Who and the Animals were referred to and promoted as being R&B bands; posters for the Who’s residency at the Marquee Club in 1964 contained the slogan, “Maximum R&B”. Their mix of rock and roll and R&B is now known as “British rhythm and blues”.
Here below is an amazing set of vintage posters that shows rock ’n roll and R&B concerts in the 1950s and 1960s.
American Legion Hall (Chattanooga, Tennessee), July 4, 1951
Memorial Auditorium (Chattanooga, Tennessee), September 27, 1955
Memorial Auditorium (Chattanooga, Tennessee), August 8, 1957
Memorial Auditorium (Chattanooga, Tennessee), March 18, 1957
Municipal Auditorium (Kansas City, Missouri), November 10, 1957