New Zealand is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country has two main landmasses—the North Island, and the South Island—and around 600 smaller islands. It has a total land area of 268,000 square kilometres (103,500 sq mi).
New Zealand is about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and 1,000 kilometres (600 mi) south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga. Because of its remoteness, it was the last large habitable land to be settled by humans.
The country’s varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. New Zealand’s capital city is Wellington, and its most populous city is Auckland.
A developed country, New Zealand ranks highly in international comparisons of national performance, such as quality of life, health, education, protection of civil liberties, and economic freedom.
Take a look at these fascinating color photos from Custardesque to see what life of New Zealand looked like in the 1960s.
|Akaroa. Children at dock|
|Auckland Harbour Bridge|
|Blenheim. In front of the Chief Post Office|
|Bluff. MV Waiwera|