From 1936–1943 the Federal Art Project under the Works Progress Administration (WPA) commissioned over 200,000 works from American artists and artisans in order to support struggling creatives.
Posters were designed to publicize exhibits, community activities, theatrical productions, and health and educational programs in seventeen states and the District of Columbia. The Federal Art Project was of one of the first U.S. Government programs to support the arts.
It is estimated that the WPA poster division printed about 2 million posters, most of which were subsequently lost or destroyed. Of the remaining originals, the Library of Congress keeps the largest collection of these posters, which include a variety of PSAs covering topics ranging from warnings about dog bites to encouraging vaccinations.
Poster showing a woman and two children in the rain: A lifelong job––the constant protection of their health––The Cook County Public Health Unit / E.S. Reid. Created between 1936 and 1941.
Poster for Cleveland Division of Health promoting swimming as healthy exercise, showing a man and a woman in a swimming pool. Created in 1940.
Poster promoting better health care through the prevention of tuberculosis by better eating and sleeping habits, and more exposure to sunshine. Created between 1936 and 1941.
Poster promoting good oral hygiene, showing stylized face, toothbrush and toothpaste. Created between 1936 and 1938.
Poster for the Cleveland Division of Health encouraging dog bite victims to report dog bites to the proper authorities, showing dog and injured hand. Created in 1941.