From the start of the 20th century, Russia’s economic problems grew steadily worse. From 1900 to 1915, the country was facing virtual economic collapse and the industry was moving into crisis after crisis.
Shortages of materials and goods were growing worse and even the army lacked supplies and weapons. Whenever the Romanov Emperor Nicholas II ventured into war — such as in 1904 against Japan and in 1914 against Germany — millions of farmers were conscripted into the army leading to a serious shortage of manpower on the farms and fall in food production.
The First World War started in 1914 that changed completely the map of Europe and lead to the collapse of the Russian Empire as well. Emperor Nicholas II handled the power to the Temporary Government on February 27th 1917.
The situation was used by Bolsheviks who got popularity among soldiers and workers because of their populist slogans and charismatic leader Vladimir Lenin.
Bolsheviks revolted on October 25th 1917. It took four more years of Civil war for Bolsheviks to get control over the whole Russia.
To the end of this period Russian republic was completely devastated.
|Tea party, Russia, 1904|
|Gorki, Pirogov, Repin, Stasov, 1905|
|Leo Tolstoy, 1908|
|Gramophones and phonographs shop, Saint Petersburg, 1910|
|Tea party in Russia, 1910|