Rome became first one of the major centres of the Italian Renaissance, and then the birthplace of both the Baroque style and Neoclassicism. Famous artists, painters, sculptors and architects made Rome the centre of their activity, creating masterpieces throughout the city.
In 1871, Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy, which in 1946 became the Italian Republic. It is a special comune, and serves as the capital of the Lazio region, and the country’s most populated comune.
Located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber, Rome is the fourth-most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. It is the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome.
The Vatican City is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states.
Rome has the status of a global city, and is also an important fashion and design centre thanks to renowned international brands centered in the city.
Turned back over 55 years ago to see what Rome looked like around 1960 and 1963 through these fascinating photographs.